bibliography, tablet weaving, Peter Collingwood

*The Ultimate* Tablet Weaving Bibliography

This bibliography is founded on the bibliography in The Techniques of Tablet Weaving by Peter Collingwood.

Note. Entries which are not followed by comments in brackets have not been consulted but, being cited by authorities on the subject, are included for the sake of completeness.

For a bibliography on tablet woven brocades go to Brocade Bibliography

Click here if you wish to add information or corrections to the bibliography.



Alte Gewebe in Krefeld. Krefeld, Germany: n.p., 1949. Brief entries about the 13th century burial vestments of Siegfried von Westerburg, Archbishop of Cologne, from his grave in Bonn Minster, Germany.

Altnordische Textilkunst von der spätrömischen Zeit an bis zum Mittelalter, 1936, Oslo. Catalogue of exhibition at Kunstindustrimuseum. (Useful reference for all early Norwegian tablet weaves and other textile finds)

Amt, Emilie, ed. Women's Lives in Medieval Europe. New York: Routledge, 1993. A collection of primary sources from the fifth through the fifteenth century which incorporates laws, regulations, and religious texts, Christian as well as Jewish, Muslim, and heretical, that helped shape the status and condition of women

Andersen, Ingrid, 1965.Brikkevevde band i skolen, Norway. (Simple instruction book with good historical notes on old Scandinavian bands)

Andersen, Paulli, 1967.Brikvaevning, Borgen. (Small but excellent instruction book; describes use of swivel hooks)

Appelgren-Kivalo, H., 1907. Finnische Trachten aus der jüngeren Eisenheit, Helsingfors. (Contains nontechnical drawings of Iron Age Finnish tablet weaves, some difficult to interpret)

Atwater, Mary, 1924. Shuttle-craft Instructions for Egyptian Cardweaving, Cambridge, Mass. (First detailed account in America; concentrates on 'Egyptian' motifs)

1924. "Egyptian cardweaving is a fascinating little craft you will enjoy" in Modern Prisilla, September.
1931. "Card Weaving: in Handicrafter, May-June. (Small article since reprinted by Some Place, Berkeley)
1931. Card Weaving, Universal School of Handicrafts, New York. (This was revised and enlarged in 1944.)
1937. "Stunting on the Cards", in The Weaver, 2,
1954. Byways in Handweaving, New York. (One chapter on tablet weaving in this influential book)
(n.d.) Card Weaving, Lily Mills Co, Shelby, N.C.
(n.d.) Card Weaving. (Reprinted by Straw into Gold, Oakland)


Baginski, Alisa. "Textiles from a Crusader Burial in Cesarea." Archaeological Textiles Newsletter 23 (Autumn, 1996): 16. Brief description of two fragments of a silk brocaded tabletwoven band found in a grave under the pavement of the Crusader Cathedral in Cesarea, Israel.

Bannier, Käthe, 1938. Brettchenvveberei, NS-Leherbund, Hamburg.

Bartels, M., 1898. 'Über das Weben mit Kartenblättchen im Kaukasus', in Zeitschrift für Ethnologle, Vol. 30. (Famous description of weaver making a Caucasian band with gold and silver thread; seems to include the twisting movement. Origin of the sketch, whose much altered version in Lehmann-Filhés' book has since been printed many times)

la Baume, Wolfgang, 1955. Entwicklund des Textilhandwerkes in Alt-europa. (Few pages on tablet weaving)

Behrens, Gustav, 1925. 'Brettchenweberei in römischer Zeit' in Germania, Korrespondenzblatt der römisch-germanischen Kominission, 9. (Drawings of several Roman tablets, square and triangular)

1954. Die Binger Landschaft in der Vor- und Frühgeschichte. (Further details of Roman tablets)

Bel, A. and Ricard, P, 1913. Le travall de la laine à Tlemcen, Algier. (One chapter is a very careful and detailed account of tablet weaving in Tlemcen, illustrating all equipment used, even quoting time of weaving and prices obtained. Elsewhere in same book is described the production of warp-twined borders by loop manipulation.)

Bellman, Friedrich. 'Zur kunstgeschichtlichen Bestimmung der Textilfunde.' In Der Dom zu Halberstadt, edited by Gerhard Leopold and Ernst Schubert, 98-108. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1984. An artistic examination of the medieval textiles from Halberstadt Cathedral, Germany, including a 13th century shoe band.

Beaudin, Irene, 1945. Card Weaving, Craftsmen's Library 15, Macmillan, Canada. (Very small instruction book)

Benson, Peter. Odo's Hanging. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1993. A novel about the Bayeux Embroidery.

Bergli, Aud. "Medieval Textiles from the Finnegården Excavation at Bryggen, Bergen." In Archaeological Textiles (NESAT II), edited by Lise Bender Jørgensen, Bente Magnus, and Elisabeth Munksgård, 221-227. Copenhagen: Arkaeologisk Institut, Köbenhavns Universitet, 1988. Includes an analysis of a 13th century brocaded tabletwoven band with photo and drawings.

Bergli, Aud and Inger Raknes Pedersen. 'Spennende tekstiler funnet i en grav ved Hamar domkirkeruin.' Fra Kaupang og Bygd(1995): 119-130.

Berlin-Englund, Sonia, 1978, Brick Vavda Band, Lts Forlaq, Stockholm, (Swedish text instruction book with good historical summary)

1994, Brickvavninq- sa in I Norden, self-printed in Kalmar (much expanded version of above book; large illustrated historical survey of Nordic tablet weaving; English summary available)

Biddle, Martin. Object and Economy in Medieval Winchester. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990. The report based on archaeological finds and analysis of the medieval objects, including 9th to 14th century brocaded tabletwoven bands, found in Winchester, England

Bird, Eileen, 1974. Introducing Tablet Weaving. London. (Good introductory instruction book)

Birrel, Verla, 1959. The Textile Arts, New York. (Small section on tablet weaving showing tablets, here called card-heddles, of various shapes)

Bjarnadóttir, Halldóra, 1966. Vefnadur á Islenzkum Heimiluin (Weaving in Icelandic Homes), Reykyavik. (Photographs and descriptions of warp-faced plain-weave double cloth bands bearing inscriptions and other patterns. Short English summary)

Blindheim, Charlotte, 1947. 'Drakt og Smykker' (Dress and Jewellery) in Viking XI, Oslo. (Contains information on Evebo tablet weaves)

Bolland, Rita, 1972. 'Three Looms for Tablet Weaving' in Tropical Man, Vol. 111, Leiden. (Contains much original material on Indonesian tablet weaves)

Bott, Hans. Bayerische Vorgeschichtsblätter 13 (1936): 66, Tafel VIII:10. Mention of the 7th century band from München-Giesing with a picture of the gold threads.

Bqt, R., 1943. 'Vaibricka och siart Magi' (Tablets and Black Magic) in Kulturen, Lund. (Attempt to decipher inscription on tablet found at Lund)

Branting, Agnes.'Andreas Sunessons Gravkläder och deras Konservering.'In Ärkebiskop Andreas Sunessons Grav i Lunds Domkyrka, edited by Otto Rydbeck, 119-140. Lund, Sweden: C.W.K. Gleerups Förlag, 1926. A report with photos of the 12th-13th century vestments from the grave of Archbishop Andreas Sunesson found in Lund Cathedral, Sweden, including several brocaded tabletwoven bands an overview of church textiles in Sweden from "olden times" to 1900 a description of the components and fastening methods of the "morse" on a cope.

Branting, Agnes, and Lindblom, Andreas, 1932. Medieval Embroideries and Textiles in Sweden, Uppsala. (Details of tablet-woven borders)

Braulik, August, 1900. Altägyptische Gewebe, Stuttgart. (Technical description of many early Egyptian textiles with suggested methods of weaving, including three bands from 22nd Dynasty, which van Gennep thought were tablet woven)

Braun, Joseph, 1907. Die Liturgische Gewandung im Okzident und Orient, Freiburg, Germany. Herdersche Verlagshandlung,1907. An extensive overview of liturgical vestments in which many gold bands are mentioned without differentiation as to technique an overview of medieval fabrics from European countries which incorporate different types of metallic threads.

Die Liturgischen Paramente in Gegenwart und Vergangenheit: Ein Handbuch der Paramentik 2. Aufl. Freiburg: n.p., 1924). A description of the components and fastening methods of the "morse" on a cope.

Broholm, H. C., and Hald, Margrethe, 1940. Costumes of the Bronze Age in Denmark, Copenhagen. (Beautifully illustrated book with section on Danish tablet weaves)

Bruan-Ronsdorf, M. "Gold and Silver Fabrics from Medieval to Modern Times." CIBA Review 3 (1961): 2-12. An overview of medieval fabrics from European countries which incorporate different types of metallic threads

Buckton, David, ed. Byzantium:Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture from British Collections. London: British Museum Press, 1994. Includes on pp. 172-175 an analysis with drawings and photo of the remains of the 12th century mitre from the tomb of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI in Palermo, Sicily.

Budny, Mildred.'The Maaseik Embroideries.'Medieval World ' (Jan/Feb, 1992): 23-30. An analysis with color photos of the 8th-9th century Anglo-Saxon embroideries which incorporate brocaded tabletwoven bands on the so-called chasuble and "velamen" of Sts. Harlindis and Relindis, founders of Aldeneik Abbey, now in Maaseik, Belgium

Bühier-Oppendeim, Kristin and Alfred, 1948. 'Die Textiliensammlung Fritz Ikle-Huber im Museum für Völkerkunde und Schweizerischen Museuin für Volkskunde, Basel', in Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Vol. LXXVIII, 2, Zürich. (Typically concise and accurate description of tablet weaving, with many references)

Byzance,l'Art Byzantin dans les Collections Publiques Francaises. Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale, 1991-1993. Examples of Byzantine art in the public collections in Paris including fragments of a 13th-15th century brocaded tabletwoven band known as 'the cingulum of the Virgin.'

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Calberg, Marguerite, 1951, 'Tissus et Broderies attribuës aux Saintes Harlinde et Relinde' in Bulletin de la Socleté royale d'Archéologie de Bruxelle, October. (Description of the veil of St Harlinde, (?) eighth century, which is decorated with tablet weaving; very poor photographs)

Cason, Marjorie, and Cahlander, Adele, 1976. The Art of Bolivian Highland Weaving, New York. (Many techniques described, including warp--faced double cloth)

Christie, Inger Lise. Brikkevevede bånd i Norge, Levende tradisjon og glemte teknikkker. (Cardwoven bands in Norway, A living tradition and forgotten techiques) 1985, 2nd ed. 1994. Booklet, 56 pages, many pics in black and white especially of findings from old burials. Detailed discussion about materials and patterns. Small summary in English. Still for sale at Norsk Folkemuseum in Oslo.

Clifford, Lois, 1947. Card Weaving, Manual Arts Press. Illinois. (Small instruction book)

Collingwood, Peter., 1962. 'A shaped tie woven on tablets' in Quarterly Journal of the Guilds of Weavers, Spinners and Dyers, No. 44. (Describes a method of using two-holed tablets)

1968. The Techniques of Rug Weaving, London.
1974. The Techniques of Sprang, London.
1982. The Techniques of Tablet Weaving,Watson-Guptill, New York. Paperback edition 1996, Robin & Russ Handweavers, McMinnville, Oregon. 320 pages, paperback edition with same text as the original but new format; 232 B&W photos, 242 illustrations. The most comprehensive book ever written on the subject. Historical introduction, equipment, a variety of warping methods, warp twining, plain weave, hopsack, gauze, twill, double-face, double cloth, triple cloth, brocade, tapestry, velvet, and special warp and weft manipulations.

Collins, Maria, 1915. 'Gammalskånske band' (Old Scandinavian Bands) in Fataburen, Nordiska Museet, Stockholm. (Part I of this article describes early tablet weaving in Scandinavia; drawings of wooden tablets)

1914. Skånsk Konstvåfnad, Lund.

Crockett, Candace, 1973. Card Weaving, New York and London. (Excellent instruction book with good historical summary. Many pictures of modern uses of the technique)

1991, Card Weaving, Interweave Press (Revised edition of the 1973 book which has introduced so many US weavers to tablet weaving)

Crowfoot, Elisabeth, 1958. 'The Textiles' in Sonia Chadwick's 'The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Finglesham, Kent: a reconsideration' in Medieval Archaeology, Vol. II.

1961-2. 'Braid-Weaving Techniques in Ancient Egypt', in Liverpool Bulletin, City of Liverpool Museums, Vol. 10. (Reply to Staudigel's claim that the Rameses girdle was tablet woven)
1966. 'The Textiles' in Patricia Hutchinson's 'The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Little Eriswell' in Proc. Cambr. Antiq. Soc. Vol. LIX. (Scraps of replaced textile, including tablet weaves)
1967. 'The Textiles' in Davidson and Webster's 'The Anglo-Saxon Burial at Coombe (Woodnesborough), Kent' in Medieval Archaeology, Vol. XI. (Two fragments of a tablet-woven finishing border described)
1975. 'Two burials under the refectory of Worcester cathedral' in Medieval Archaeology, Vol. XVIII. (Fragments of spun gold thread, (?) from tablet-woven bands)

Crowfoot, Elisabeth, and Hawkes, Sonia, 1967. 'Early Anglo-Saxon Gold Braids' in Medieval Archaeology, Vol. XI. (Detailed survey of finds of gold thread used as brocading on bands, probably tablet woven)

Crowfoot, Grace, 1924. 'A tablet woven band from Qua ei-Kebir' in Ancient Egypt, Part IV. (Account of Coptic band with threaded pattern)

1939. 'The tablet woven Braids from the Vestments of St Cuthbert at Durham' in Antiquaries Journal, Vol. 19, 1. (Technical analysis of these important bands, with historical background)
1945. 'The Tent Beautiful' in Palestine Exploration Quarterly, April. (Description of weaving the saha)
1950. 'A Medieval Tablet Woven Braid from a Buckle found at Felixstowe' in Proc. Suffolk- Institute of Archaeology, Vol. XXV, Part 2. (Describes a chevron pattern made with a tablet-idling technique)
1951. 'Textiles of the Saxon Period in the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology' in Proc. Cambr. Ant. Soc. Vol. XLIV. (Includes more elabo-rate pattern in above technique)
1951. 'The Sudanese Camel Girth in Double Weave' in Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. XXXII, Part 1. (Describes the making of warp-faced double cloth on a stick-and-leash loom)
1952. 'Anglo-Saxon Tablet Weaving' in Antiquaries Journal, Vol. XXXII, Nos. 3 and 4. (Unpattemed tablet weaves attached to wrist clasps)
1954. 'Tablet-woven braid from a thirteenth-century site' in Antiquaries Journal, Vol, XXXIV, Nos. 3 and 4. (Describes two-holed tablet weave with diagonal texture)
1956. 'The Textiles' in F. H. Thompson's 'Anglo-Saxon sites in Lincolnshire' in Antiquaries Journal, Vol. XXXVI.
1956. 'The Braids' in The Relics of St Cuthbert at Durham, edited by Battiscombe, Durham. (Expanded version of entry for 1939 above)
1956. 'The Sudanese Camel Girth' in Kush, Vol. IV. (Further description of warp-faced double weave)

Crowfoot, Grace, and Roth, H. Ling, 1923. 'Were the Ancient Egyptians conversant with tabIet- weaving?' in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Vol. X, Nos. I and 2, Liverpool. (Discussion occasioned by van Gennep's claim that the Rameses girdle was tablet woven. Describes Crowfoot's weaving of part of it with shed sticks and leashes)

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Dedekam, Hans, 1925. 'Et Tekstilfund i mir fra romersk jernalder' (The textile find in a bog from Roman Iron Age) in Stavanger Museums Årbok 1921-4, Stavanger. (The first account of the Tegle find in Norway)

1924-5. 'To tekstilfund fra folkvandringstiden, Evebø og Snartemo' (Two textile finds from the Migration Period, Evebo and Snartemo) in Bergens Museums Årbok, Bergen. (The classic and highly detailed description of early Norwegian tablet weaves, including double-faced 3/1 broken twill)

Delattre, P., 1900. 'La Nécropole Punique' in Le Cosmos, Revue des Sciences et Leurs Applications, Paris, 43. (Contains pictures of pierced objects, said to resemble "bridges of string instruments', at one time thought to be broken tablets)

Dieck, Alfred, 1974. 'Seit wann gibt es Hosenträger?' in Webe Mit, 4. (Contains details of very early tablet-woven braces which have proved difficult to verify. Was translated as 'How ancient are braces for Quarterly Journal of Guilds, etc., No. 96, 1975)

de Dillmont, Therese, (n.d.). Encyclopedia of Needlework. (Describes making fringes embodying warp twining, but in bobbin lace method)

Dombrowski, Gisela, 1976. 'Über eine besondere Form textiler Randverzierung in Turkestan' in Baessler-Archiv, Vol. XXIV. (Discussion of the loop-manipulation method of producing two-strand warp twining; well illustrated)

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Emery, Irene, 1966. The Primany Structure of Fabrics, the Textile Museum, Washington. (Clear discussion on warp twining)

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Falk, Hjalmar, 1919. Altwestnordische Kleider kunde, Kristiania. (Short discussion on old words used for tablets)

Faussett, Bryan, 1856. Inventorium Sepulchrale, edited by C. R. Smith, London. (Includes description and drawing of a square bone tablet from seventh-century grave at Kingston; since destroyed by fire)

Fuhrmann, Irmingard, 1939-40. 'Der Gewebefund von Pilgramsdorf' in Praehistorische Zeitschrift, XXX-XXXI, Vol. 3-4. (Detailed description of a scrap of textile, which, if correct, makes it the earliest example of double-faced 3/1 broken twill)

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Gauslaa, Torbjørg, 1975. 'Bandvevfestet "Ellen"' in Norsk Husflid, 3. (Photograph and few lines about a band-gripping device, similar to that used in Morocco)

Geijer, Agnes, 1928. 'Några medeltida band' (Some medieval bands) in Förnvannen, Stockholm. (Description of bands, some brocaded, some with diagonally textured weave; German summary)

1938. Birka III. Die Textilfunde aus den gråbern, Uppsala. (Highly detailed and exhaustive account of these ninth-century textiles, including many tablet-woven bands. Many illustrations and references)
1939, 'Ett svenskt Textilfunde fran romersk Järnålder' (A Swedish textile find from the Roman Iron Age) in Fönvannen, Stockholm. (Short account of the band found at Oremsilla, Sweden)
1979. A History of Textile Art, London. (Details of Scandinavian tablet weaves)

Golvin, Lucien, 1950. Les Techniques de Tissages, Vol. I of Les Arts Populaires en Algérie, Algeria. (Contains a good account of tablet weaving in Algeria, including description of continuous warping)

Götze, A., 1908. 'Brettchenweberei im Altertum' in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. 40. (Good survey of earliest tablet weaving, followed by detailed account of the finds of miniature tablets at Anduln)

Gray, Herbie, 1982. On-Loom Cardweaving: A Modern Extension of an Ancient Craft, 60 pages, self-published in 1982. As described in this book a loom can be used to tension the warp or you can use tensioning blocks with a length of reed hanging on the warp. The reed is used to beat every pick so you can create soft, even airy fabrics. About half of the book is devoted to instructions for turning the tablets to produce a sampler which includes balanced plain weave, leno variations, log cabin, double weave, honeycomb, warp floats, twisted or displaced warp groups, and simultaneous use of more than one technique. Lots of black & white photos and illustrations and many wonderful ideas for a creative person to explore.

Grieg, Sigurd, 1928. Osebergfundet, Oslo. (The main source for information about textile tools in Oseberg ship burial, the textiles having still not been published)

Groff, Russell, (n.d.). Cardweaving or Tabletweaving, Santa Barbara, CA. (Simple instruction book with over fifty threaded patterns, all illustrated)

Gunner, J., 1932. 'Lidt om Brikvaevning' (A little about tablet weaving), in Nyt Tidsskrift for Kunstindustri, October, No. 10. (Short article including the use of a comb)

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Haberland, Arthur, 1923. Eine altes Musterbüchlein aus Turfan (Zentralasien)' in Mitteilungen der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft, Vienna.

Hahne, Hans, 1915. 'Moorleichenfunde aus Niedersachsen' in Vorzeitfunde aus Niedersachsen, Part B, Vol. VI. (Early account of bog burials and their textiles)

Hald, Margrethe, 1930. 'Brikvaevning i danske Oldtidsfund' (Tablet weaving in old Danish finds), in Aarbøger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie, 20. (Good descriptions, including the plain-weave struc-tures which could have been tablet woven; diagram of making of the Egtved skirt with two-holed tablets. Same article appeared in French in 1934 in the Mémoires de la Societé royale des Antiquaries du Nord)

1932. Brikvaevning, Copenhagen. (Detailed instruction book, including many techniques, three- and six-holed tablets, tubular weaving, making fringes; well illustrated with colour photographs)
1942. Baand og Snore (Bands and cords), Copenhagen.
1950. Olddanske Tekstiles, Copenhagen. (Highly detailed study of the techniques used in early Danish textiles, including tablet weaving, with magnificent diagrams and many photographs and references. One of the great contributions to textile knowledge, which luckily has a large English summary)
1980. Ancient Danish Textiles from bogs and burials, National Museum of Denmark. (English translation of above classic description.)

Hallsdórsdóttir, Sigridur, 1968. 'Spjaldvefnadur' in Hugur og händ, III, Reykjavik.

1970. 'Spjaldvefnadur á Islandi' in Hugur og händ, V, Reykjavik. (Two articles on tablet weaving in Iceland)

Harcourt, R. d', 1962. Textiles of Ancient Peru and their Techniques, University of Washington Press. (By far the best coverage of Peruvian textile techniques)

Hemmet Handarbets Lexicon, 'Band 3, Bric - Brod', 1989. (part of a 20 volume dictionary of hand work; this part containing good article on TW by Mary-Ann Hansen with colour plates of old and new work and very clear warping instructions)

Linda Hendrickson, 'It's All in the Cards -- Tubular Cardwoven Necklaces', Handwoven, Sept./Oct. 1993,p. 72-76

1994. Tubular Cardwoven Neckpieces, Robin & Russ Handweavers, McMinnville, Oregon. 40 pages, complete instructions for making the "10-minute warp" , weaving, and attaching findings; 50 B&W how-to photos, 18 finished neckpieces in full color.
1995. Tablet Weaving for Parents and Children. Self-published, Portland, Oregon. 16 pages, complete instructions for making the "10-minute warp", how to flip and rotate the tablets to weave geometric designs, and weaving a friendship bracelet.
'Tablet Weaving', Shuttle Spindle and Dyepot, Spring 1996, p. 48-49.
Review of 'Brickvavning - sa in i Norden' ('Tablet Weaving in True Nordic Fashion') by Sonja Berlin, March/April 1996, Handwoven, p. 13-14
'Weaving with a Twist: Get Ready to Flip, Rotate, Turn', Weaver's, Spring 1996, p. 46-49.
Weave A Neckpiece (Using Tubular Cardweaving Techniques), 1996. Victorian Video Productions, Colfax, California. 43-minute video with step-by-step instructions for making the "10-minute warp", flipping and rotating tablets for geometric designs, weaving flat and tubular, attaching findings and beads.
1996. Double-Faced Tablet Weaving: 50 Designs from Around the World. Self-published instruction book, Portland, Oregon. 120 pages, complete instructions for making the "10-minute warp" and weaving, large graphs and a helpful number system, front and back of all designs shown full-size,tips for avoiding and correcting mistakes and for graphing your own designs. Designs are from the crafts of many different cultures and times, and a reference for the source of inspiration is listed for each design.
'Review of The Techniques of Tablet Weaving by Peter Collingwood', Weaver's, Fall, 1996, p. 52.
'Double-Faced Tablet Weaving', Weaver's, Spring 1997, p. 38-41.
'Tablet-Woven Piping', Strands (journal of The Braid Society, England), Issue 4, 1997, p. 18-19.
'S p a c e d O u t Tablet Warps!', Weaver's, Issue 40, Summer 1998, p. 46-49.
"Tablet Weaving with Children", Handwoven, November/December 2003, p. 43.
Two-Hole Andean Pebble Weave for ages 10 and up. 2004. Self-published, Portland, Oregon. 28 pages, This booklet is a follow-up to my article "Tablet Weaving with Children", Handwoven, November/December 2003, p. 43. Complete instructions for making a continuous warp for pebble weave, and for weaving charming traditional Andean designs with tablets.
Demonstrates making a Continuous Warp on You Tube, 2008.

Henshall, Audrey S., 1950. 'Textiles and Weaving Appliances in Prehistoric Britain' in Proc. Prehistoric Soc. Vol. 16, Cambridge. (Very useful collection of all evidence for prehistoric textiles in Britain, including tablet weaving and tablets)

1951-6. 'Early Textiles found in Scotland' in Proc. Soc. Antiquaries of Scotland. Vols. LXXXVI and LXXXVIII, Edinburgh. (Part I contains details of tablet weaving from Orkney, presumed Viking. Part 11 includes some interesting brocaded bands from the four-teenth- seventeenth centuries)
1959, 'The Textiles' in Excavations on Blewburton Hill, 1953, by A. E. P. and F. J. Collins in Berkshire Arch. Journal, LVII. (Description of a tablet-woven border to a twill fabric)
1964. 'Five Tablet Woven Seal Tags' in Arch. Journal, Vol. CXXI. (Very informative article; the seal tags, in various techniques, being exactly dated by the documents to which they were attached)

Henze, Martha. "Tablet-woven Curtains from Ethiopia: New Light on a Puzzling Group of Textiles"; The Textile Museum Journal. 1999-2000, Volumes 38 and 39. Peter Collingwood had quite a lot to do with this, analysing the British Museum specimens in fact and the Ethiopian ones from slides. It is a well illustrated article which he believes will open many eyes. This is the very first time these utterly unique textiles have been seen in print; some were discovered by Martha Henze and her husband in isolated rock-cut monasteries, often half way up near vertical cliff faces!

Hoffmann, Marta, 1964. The Warp-Weighted Loom, Oslo. (Definitive book on the subject with many details and pictures of tablet-woven starting borders)

Hoffmann, Marta, and Traetteberg, Raphild, 1959. 'Teglefunnet' in Stavanger Museums Årbok. (Description of the unique finds at Tegle, Norway, including a prepared warp and fringed band from the Migration Period)

Holtzer, Marilyn, 1980. 'Diagonal triple-turn card weaving' in Shuttle, Spindle and Dyepot, No. 42. (Article on reversing twining direction of cords on a diagonal, using six threads per tablet)

Holzklau, Elisabeth, 1977. Brettchenweberei, Stuttgart. (Small instruction book with coloured pictures and description of continuous warping)

Hooper, Luther, 1922. Weaving with Small Appliances, Book II: Tablet Weaving, London. (Written with Hooper's usual care for detail and beautifully drawn diagrams. One of the earliest English instruction books)

Hougen, Bjørn, 1931. Helgelandsfundet, Et Myrfund av tekstiler fra eldre Jarnalder (The Helgeland find, the bog find of textiles from the early Iron Age) in Stavanger Museums Årshefte 1930-32. (Description and pictures of two bands with patterns, possibly in weft wrapping)

1935. Snartemofunnene, Universitets Oldsaksamling, Norske Oldfunn, VII, Oslo. (A large book not only covering the Snartemo finds but also summarizing other Norwegian tablet weaving; German summary)

Hughes, Sukey, 1978. Washi, the World of Japanese Paper, Kodanska International. (Detailed, well -illustrated account and history of Japanese hand paper making)

Hundt, Hans-Rirgen, 1968. 'Die verkohlten Reste von Geweben, Geflechten, Seilen, Schnüren und Holz-geräten aus Grab 200 von el Cigarralejo' in Madrider Mitteilungen, 9, Heidelberg. (Account of charred tablets and tablet-woven border from about 400 B.C.)

1969. 'Über vorgeschichtliche Seidenfunde' in Jahrbuch des Römisch- Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz, 16. (Description of the Hohmichele and Kerameikos finds, the earliest existing evidence for tablet weaving)
1970. 'Webkunst und Tracht in der Hallstattzeit' article in catalogue for exhibition called 'Krieger und Salzherren. Hallstattkultur im Ostalpenraum' at Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz. (Details of weaving techniques in Hallstatt period)
1974. 'Zu einigen frühgeschichtlichen Webgeräten', in Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt, Vol. 2, Mainz. (Suggestion that some metal objects, illustrated here, were beaters for tablet weaving)

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Jacobstahl, E., 1898. 'Schnurbänder' in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. 30. (Investigation into the possible connection between warp-twined bands and classical ornaments of the Guilloche type. Describes a loom for wide tablet weaving)

Jaques, Renate. Paramente aus dem mutmasslichen Grab Konrads von Hochstaden. (Good description of brocaded bands)

Jasper, J. E., and Pirngadie, Mas, 1912. 'De Weefunst', part 11 of De Inlandsche kunstnijverheid in Nederlandsch Indie, The Hague. (Contains chapter on band weaving with description of tablet weaving in Dutch East Indies)

Johl, C. H., 1924. 'Ältägyptische Webestühle und Brettchenweberei in Altägypten', in Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Agyptens, 8, Leipzig. (Chapter IV on 'Tablet weaving in Old Egypt' is mostly concerned with Rameses girdle and Johl's attempt to copy it on six-holed tablets)

Joliet, Marga and Heribert, 1975 Brettchenweberei, Bern and Stuttgart. (Instruction book with several technical innovations; many illustrations of old bands)

1976. Mit Brettchen gewebt Bänder, Gürtel, Borten, Freiburg. (Small instruction book with many photographs of each stage of the technique)

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Katz, Ruth, 1977. Card Weaving, Van Nostrand Reinhold. (Good clear instruction book dealing chiefly with threaded patterns. Selection of unusual photographs, not all of them showing tablet weaving)

Kaukonen, Toini-Inkeri, 1968. 'Om brickvävningsens traditioner i Finland och ett par brickband fran korstågstiden' (About the traditions of tablet weaving in Finland and some tablet bands from Crusader times) in Finskt Museum. (Almost the only source of information on Finnish tablet weaving)

1965. Suomen kansanomaiset Nauhat (Finnish national bands), Helsinki.

Klein, Aviva,1974. 'Tesig-Bandweberei mit Gold- und Silberfaden in San'a', in Baessler Archiv, Neue Folge, Vol. XXII, Part 2, Berlin. (Detailed description of a kind of draw apparatus used by weavers of brocaded tablet-woven bands in the Yemen)

1979. 'Tablet weaving by the Jews of San'a (Yemen', a chapter in The Fabrics of Culture by Cordwell and Schwarz, ?publisher. (Good detailed account like her German one, but in English; several plates and long biblioqraphy).

Knapp, L., 1888. 'Brettchenweberei in Buchara' in Das Ausland, 61. (A tablet-weaver described in the bazaar at Buchara making a red-and - -white band)

Kokonoe, Toshiko, 1953. Tissage à la Main-Hand Weaving, Tokyo. (A two-language description of the Kokonoe method of weaving with irregular-shaped tablets. There are also two other such books by Kokonoe, written in Japanese.)

Kosswig, Leonore, 1963. 'Geschichte und Ornamentik einer antiken, in Anatolien noch geübten, Bandweberei mit Brettchen', in Deutsch-Türkische Gesellschaft, Vol. 53, Bonn. (Short description of tablet weaving with details and pictures of Anatolian designs)

1967. 'Über Brettchenweberei, insbesondere in Anatolien' in Baessler Archiv, Neue Folge, Vol. XV, Part 1, Berlin. (Important article attempting a classification of tablet weaves with special reference to those found in Anatolia. Many threading diagrams, large bibliography)
1970. Carpanacilik ve Istanbul Topkapi Saray Müzesinde bulunan carpana dokumalari (Tablet weaving and tablet-woven bands in the Topkapi Saray Museum in Istanbul), Türk Etnografya Dergisi, Cilt XII, Ankara. (Luckily a typewritten German translation exists of this important catalogue, describing in great detail about fourteen bands, but it lacks the photographs and diagrams.)

Krause, Fritz, 1931. 'Der sogenannte Ramsesgürtel, ein Meisterstück uralter Brettchenwebkunst', in Deutsche Frauenkultur, Vol. 6, Leipzig, (Describes an attempt to weave the Rameses girdle on tablets)

Kurrik, H, 1931. 'Brettchenweberei in Estland' in Eesti rahva muuseumi aastaraamat, VII, Taru.

Kyi, Shwebo Mi Mi. 'Manuscript Bindings Tapes and their Texts' (in Burmese), Rangoon Sarpay Beikman Press, 1993. (diagrams of many of the motifs in double-faced weave found on these inscription bands)

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Le Coq, A. von, 1916. Volkskundliches aus Ost-Turkestan, Berlin.

Lee, Thorold, 1913. 'The Linen Girdle of Rameses III' in Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Vol. V, Nos. I and 2, Liverpool. (The original analysis of the girdle's structure, made possible by tears in the fabric)

Lehmann-Filhés, Margrethe, 1896. 'Kulturgeschichte aus Island' in Zeitschrift des Vereins für Völkerkunde, No. 4.

1897. 'Die isländische Brettchenweberei', in Illustrierte Frauenzeitung, Nos. 20-22. (The first published account of the author's successful reconstruction of tablet-weaving techniques)
1899. 'Über Brettchenweberei' in Zeictschrift des Vereins für Völkerkunde, No. 1.
1901. Über Brettchenweberei, Berlin. (An authoritative yet delightful book in which the author takes the reader with her on her great journey of discovery. Still the best source of ethnological material)
1994, Om Brickvavninq, Salvia, Stranqnas., (translation by Kerstin Petterson into Swedish of Lehmann-Filhés' 1901 classic description of tablet weaving)

Lehmann-Haupt, Carl, E, 1898. 'Kaukasische Gürtel und Bänder, in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. 30. (Account of weaving bands in Tiflis; usually attributed to Bartels)

1899. 'Über Brettchenweberei' in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, 14, Berlin. (Letter suggesting Babylon as the home of tablet weaving and mentioning its use in Mosul)
1902. 'Die Holztäfelchen der Euphemia' in Feuilleton der Na-tionalzeitung, No. 193. (Letter agreeing with Reuleaux, that the Coptic tablets found in woman's grave at Antinoe were for weaving)
1910. Armenien, einst und jetzt, Berlin. (Contains the author's theory about the origin and spread of tablet weaving)
1914. 'Note on the linen girdle of Rameses III' in Annals of Arch. and Anthrop., Vol. VII, Nos. I and 2, Liverpool. (The earliest suggestion that the girdle might be tablet-woven)

Lemberg, Mechthild, 1973. 'Das Puzzle mit der Stofftellchen der Malatesta-Gewänder' in Artes Minores, Festschrift für Werner Abegg, Bern. (Describes the pieces of a tablet-woven velvet band found in the Malatesta tomb and later analysed by Vial)

Lemberg, Mechthild, and Schmedding, Brigitta, 1973. Abegg-Stiftung Bern in Riggisberg, II, Textilien, Bern. (Pictures and details of two important Sicilian bands)

Lenz, Charlotte, 1976. Brettchenweben, Ravensburg. (Instruction book dealing mainly with designs of diagonal lines)

Lindahl, David, 'Belts', an article in Uzbek, a catalogue of a travelling exhibition (1974-5) of textiles of the Uzbek tribes of Central Asia. (Three colour photographs and a few words about the velvet tablet-woven bands made in Uzbekistan)

Loeber, J. A., 1903. 'Het Weven van Banden en Randen' in Bulletin van het Kolonial Museum te Harlem, No. 29, Amsterdam. (Mentions tablet weaving in S. Sulawezi)

Ludtke, W., 1904. 'Brettchenweberei in Karthage' in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 36. (Suggests that the bone objects found in Carthage were in fact broken pieces of many-holed weaving tablets)

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Markova, Ema, 1966. 'Tkanie kartickami na Slovensku' (Tablet weaving in Slovakia) in Etnografia 7, LX, Bratislava. (Well-illustrated article on traditional tablet weaving in Slovakia, especially the Prievidza region; German summary)

1977. 'Vyznam tkania kartickami v dávnej textilnej kultúre' (The importance of tablet weaving in old textile history), in Umení a Remesla, 1/1977. (Short account of tablet weaving in Czechoslovakia, good photographs)

Márta, T. Knotik, 1974. Táblácskcás Szövésü Szalag-Töredékek (Textile remains with tablet-like weaving) in Móra Ferenc Múzeum Évkönyve 1974-75/1, Hungary. (Description of warp-twined fragments, dated between 14th and 15th centuries, the earliest tablet weaving in Hungary)

Matthes, B. F., 1874. Boegineesch-Hollandsch Woordenboek, Amsterdam. (Contains a paragraph on tablet weaving; the earliest known account of the technique)

Mauve, Karen van Gelder, 1978. 'Het uitzoeken van inrlg en draairichting van een band in kaartweefsel' in Goed Handwerk, Sept. (Explains the kivrim motif in Anatolian bands with outstandingly clear diagrams)

Mears, Norah, 1959. 'Tablet Weaving' in Quarterly Journal of Guilds, etc., No. 32. (Article describing how to suspend warp on individual weights)

de Mecquenem, R., 1905. Mémoires de la DéIégation scientifique française en Perse, VII. (Illustrates square ivory four-holed tablets found in Temple of Chouchinak, Persia)

de Mecquenern and Contenau, 1939. Mémoires de la Mission Archéologique en Iran, Vol. XXIX. (Shows triangular clay tablet found in temple in Susa, Iran)

Merisalo, Viivi, 1966. Nauhoja (Band weaving), Finland. (Contains good section on tablet weaving with many recipes, including one for the author's reconstruction of a twelfth-century Finnish band)

Mereno, Manuel Gomez, 1946. El Panteon Real de las Huelgas de Burgos, Madrid. (Many rather unclear but unique photographs of bands found on and inside the coffins of royalty buried at Burgos from thirteenth century onward. Text shows author knew nothing of tablet technique, even at this date)

Mullarkey, John Tablet Weaver's Pattern Book Several variations for each draft of threaded-in designs and a color sample of how the woven band will look. 2007. Self-published, St. Louis, Missouri, 37 pages.

Müller-Christensen, Sigrid, 1955. Lithurgische Gewänder mit dem Namen des heiligen Ulrich, Augsburg. (Detailed study of the maniple of St Ulrich , including a coloured photograph)

1960. Das Grab des Papstes Clemens II in Dom zu Bamberg, Munich. (Describes some tablet-woven articles found in this eleventh -century grave, notably some borders to a pair of gloves)
1972. Section on textiles in Die Kunstdenkmäler von Rheinland-Pflaz, Vol. 5, Der Dom zu Speyer, Munich, edited by H. E. Kubach and W. Haas; two books, text and pictures. (Details of many tablet-woven bands found in graves in Speyer cathedral; very well illustrated)
1973. Notes in catalogue of Suevia Sacra, an exhibition of ecclesiastical textiles at Rathaus, Augsburg. (Detailed description of tablet-woven bands from Augsburg and Speyer; pictures, references)
1977. 'Examples of Mediaeval Tablet Woven Braids' in Studies in Textile History, (In memory of Harold Burnham), R.O.M. Toronto. (Details of some other bands from Speyer)

Mushkat, Fred, 1996, Persian Warp-faced Nomadic Bands, in Hali, Jan/Feb 1996, Issue 64, (Contains several plates of Bakhtiari bands made bv the 3/1 broken twill double-faced weave)

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Nevermann, H., 1938. Die indo-ozeanische Weberei, Hamburg.

Nockert, Marqareta, 1991, The Hogom Find and other Miqration Period textiles and costumes of Scandinavia., in Archaeology and Environment 9, Hoqom Part 11, Universitv of Umea, Department of Archaeology, Riksantikvarieambetet. (only about 20 pages of this extensive review deal specifically with TW, but there are many other references and plates concerning it)

Nockert, Margareta and Ræder Knudsen, Lise. 1996. 'Gotländska brickband från vikingatiden', Gotlandsk Arkiv , Uppsala. Sweden. s. 41-46 (History and weaving method of a particular type of tabletweavings from the Viking age. They are found in Latvia and on the island Gotland in Sweden. The bands are narrow, single coloured with pattern standing out in relief.)

Nooteboom, C., 1948. Quelques Techniques de Tissage des petites Iles de La Sonde. Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden, Holland.

Noss, Aagot, 1966. 'Bandlaging' in By og Bygd, the Norsk Folkemuseum's yearbook, Vol. 19. (Photographs taken from the film of Anne Kaasene tablet weaving a wide belt in Telemark. Text in Norwegian, but pictures are also captioned in English)

Nyberg, Gertrud G., 1975. Lanthemmens våvstolar (Looms in country houses), Nordiska Museet, Stockholm. (Contains picture of two triangular wooden objects, inscribed '1785 DOD', used as harness for three--shaft weaving, not as weaving tablets. Immense bibliography; English summary)

1976, Så vevde de (How they used to weave), Stockholm. (More popular version of above; shows how the wooden triangles were used)

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Olsen, E., 1908. 'Benplatta med runinskrift' (Bone tablet with runic inscription) in Förnvannen, Stockholm. (Attempt to elucidate the inscription on tablet found at Lund)

Oppenheim, Kristin, 1942. 'Die primären Techniken der Neukaledonier und Loyalty-Insulaner' in Internationales Archiv für Ethnologie, Supplement to Vol. XII.

Ovink, Henriette, (n.d.). Kaartweven, Amsterdam. (Good simple instruction book with excellent photographs of some interesting designs)

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Pagnon, Pierre, 1886. 'Métier des tisserands du Caucase' in La Nature (Very early account of tablet weaving, but the explanations are 'trés confuses' according to van Gennep)

Peach, Mabel, (n.d.). Tablet Weaving, Leicester. (Interesting early Dryad pamphlet printed some time after 1924, with good bibliography and photographs)

1931. Tablet Weaving, Leicester. (Substantially the same as above though no author is given; historical notes almost completely cut out)

Peet, T. Eric, 1933. 'The so-called Rameses Girdle' in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. XIX. (Carefully traces history of this textile from its first description in 1855 to its arrival in Liverpool Museum in 1867. Illustrates and discusses the now-vanished hieroglyphics, which established its date as 1197 B.C.)

Petersen, Henry, 1888. Vognfundene i Dejbjerg Praestegaards Mose. (Description of the two wooden tablets found in this cart burial)

Popov, A. A., 1955. Pletenie i Tkacestvo u Narodov Sibiri, (Plaiting and weaving of the Siberian people), in Sbornik Muzeja Antropologii i Etnografii, Izdatel' Stvo Akademii Nauk, USSR. (Extremely detailed book; many pages on rope-making, weaving, spinning, basketry and plaiting; Russian text)

Pralle, Heinrich, 1920. 'Tablet Weaving', an old peasant craft, translated by M. and H. H. Peach, Leicester. (The first book on tablet weaving in English)

1921. Weben über Brettchen, Hamburg.
1925. Webbuch für Haus und Schule, Leipzig. (About twenty-six pages of text and pictures, first explaining how the author came upon the technique and then giving simple instructions)

Pritchard, Frances, 1993. Weaving Tablets from Roman London, in Textilsymposium Neuminster, NESAT V.1993, p 157-161. Details and pictures of 1st and 2nd century bone tablets, some triangular; together with the cows' scapulae from which they had been cut .

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Ramm, H. G., and King, Donald. 1971. 'The tombs of Archbishop Walter de Gray (1216-55) and Godfrey de Ludham. (1258-65) in York Minster and their contents. Part 6: The Textiles' in Archaeologica Vol. CII, London. (Details of several gold-brocaded bands, one of which may have been a sample)

Ræder Knudsen, Lise. 1991. 'Det uldne brikvævede bånd fra Mammengraven.' Mammen, grav, kunst og samfund i vikingetiden. Jysk Arkæologisk Selskabs Skrifter XXVII. Denmark. p. 149 - 150. (The woollen tablet woven bands from the Viking burial Mammen, inv. no. C136a, was originally woven with 17 tablets, each carrying 4 threads, in a 3/1 double-faced broken twill. Each tablet in the pattern had 2 woollen- and 2 vegetable threads. The latter are deteriorated and have vanished today, threrefore the band looks a if it was woven using only 2 threads in each tablet.)

Ræder Knudsen, Lise. 1994. 'Analysis and reconstruction of two tabletwoven bands from the celtic burial Hochdorf'. North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles5, Neumünster. Germany. p.53 - 60. (Complicated pattern weavings from the chieftains burial ( c.550 A.D.) at Hochdorf in southern Germany).

Ræder Knudsen, Lise. 1996. 'Iron Age Cloaks with Broad Tabletwoven Borders, new aspects on fabrication'. North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles 6, Borås. Sweden. p ? .(The fragments of an iron age cloak with broad tabletwoven borders from Vrangstrup in Denmark shows how the weft of the cloak and the weft of the tabletborder links together inside the tablet weave. This border was not produced together with the cloak on the warpweighted loom, but afterwards.)

Reuleaux, F, 1884. Quer durch Indien, Berlin. (Early mention of tablet weaving at Benares)

1902. 'Die Holztäfelchen der Euphemia' in Feuilleton der Nationalzeitung, No. 184. (The first suggestion that the tablets Gayet found at Antinoe might be really for weaving and not the gaming tablets he thought them to be)

Ronqe, Veronika., ?date., Tibetische Brettchenweberei, Zentralasiatische Studien des Seminars für Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft Zentralasians der Universitat Bonn, Heft 12/78, 'Kommissionsverlaq Harrosowitz, Wiesbaden 68. (detailed German text description of Tibetan TW with one photo of weaver and many diagrams of designs)

Roth, Ling, 1913. Ancient Egyptian and Greek Looms, Halifax. (Counters Lee's suggestion that a complex loom existed in ancient Egypt on which the so-called Rameses girdle could have been woven).

Rowe, Ann Pollard, 1977. Warp Patterned Weaves of the Andes, Textile Museum, Washington. (Up-to-date discussion of the Peruvian warp--twined belts, mainly from Pachacamac)

Russell, Elfieda, 1975. Off-Loom Weaving, Boston. (Contains excellent chapter on tablet weaving with several innovations and an adventurous approach)

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Sage, Gertrud, 1934. 'Die Geweberesten aus den Fürstengräbern von Sacrau unter besonderer Berücksichtigumg der Brettchenweberei' in Alt-Schlesien, 5, Breslau. (Includes description of several bands from this fourth-century cemetery; summary on tablet weaving in general)

Scherman, Lucian, 1913. 'Brettchenweberei in Birma und den Himalayaländern' in Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, No. 8, Munich. (One of the best eye-witness accounts of tablet weaving; much unique information)

Scherman, Lucian and Christine, 1922. 'Im Stromgebiet des Irrawaddy' Verlag Oskar Schloss, Munich-Neuberg (Picture of tablet weaving loom, but not as detailed as in his main book. Only a few words about tablet weaving, but with a photo of a woman weaving in Mandalay which shows that the two-pack method was definitely used for the double-faced weave)

Schinnerer, Luise, 1895. Antike Handarbeiten, Vienna. (As with sprang, Schinnerer tried to invent the working process of tablet weaving in order to reproduce Coptic bands; later she found the correct process, still alive in Bosnia.)

Schlabow, Karl, 1952. 'Der Thorsberger Prachtinantel, Schlüssel zum altgermanischen Webstuhl' in Festschrift Gustav Schwantes, Neumünster; since reprinted separately at Neumünster, 1965. (Description of background and technique of this famous cloak, with pictures of how the replica was woven with four tablet-woven borders)

1952-3. 'Der Prachtmantel No. H aus dem Vehnemoor in Oldenburg' in Oldenburger Jahrbuch, 52/53. (Another of the Iron Age cloaks which Schlabow reproduced on a warp-weighted loom with tablet-woven borders)
1957. Die Kunst des Brettchenwebens, Neumünster. (Small but very clear introduction to tablet weaving; good diagrams)
1976. Textilfunde der Eisenzeit in Norddeutschland, Göttinger Schriften zur Vor- and Frühgeschichte. No. 11, Neumünster. (A gathering together and summarizing of all Schlabow's knowledge of these interesting textiles. Details and photographs of five separate bands, as well as many tablet-woven borders to woven cloth. Good bibliography)

Schmidt, Max, 1907. 'Besondere Geflechtsart der Indianer im Ucavaligebiet, in Archiv für Anthropologie, Neue Folge, Vol. VI, Braunschweig. (Beautifully illustrated article describing warp twining on a fixed warp and therefore with a central reversal line)

Schuette, Marie, 1948. 'Brettchenweberei' entry in Reallexicon zur Deutsche Kunstgeschichte, edited by Otto Schmidt, Stuttgart. (A seven-page illustrated article packed with information; many references)

1956. Tablet Weaving, Ciba Review, 112, Basel. (Probably the best historical survey of tablet weaving, including the ethnological material; very good on ecclesiastical bands. Many pictures, but little technical infon-nation. The German edition, Ciba Rundschau, No. 128, is slightly different.)

Schwetter, Bertha, 1931. 'Brettchenweberei', a chapter in Beyers Lehrbuch der Weiblichen Handarbeiten, Vol. 1, Leipzig. (Well illus-trated article with surprising amount on weaving with six- and eight--holed tablets)

Seagroatt, Margaret, 1964. 'A Weaving Mystery,: or New Light on an Old Girdle' in Quarterly Journal of Guilds, etc., No. 50. (A good survey of the Rameses story)

Shapiro, Barbara. Cardweaving and Its Decorative Use in Ancient EgyptTranslation of Le tissage aux cartons dans I'Ancienne Egypte et son utilisation décorative' by van Gennep, Arnold, and Jéquier, Gustave, 1914. 2008. Self Published. San Francisco, 160 pages.

Singer, Noel. 'Kammavaka Texts, Their Covers and Binding Ribbons', in Arts of Asia, May/June 1993 (some details of the weaving and texts on these tablet-woven bands, here called 'sarsekyo')

Snow, Marjorie, and William, 1973. Step by Step Tablet Weaving, New York. (One of the better instruction books with many pictures and projects; includes double-faced weaves, warp transposing, three- and six-holed tablets. German translation, Brettchenweberei, printed in Bonn, 1977)

Southwell, H. B., 1914. A descriptive account of some fragments of mediaeval embroidery found in Worcester Cathedral. (Includes the bands of Walter de Cantelupe, who died 1266)

Specht, Sally, and Rawlings, Sandra, 1973. Creating with Card Weaving, New York. (Instruction book with working method in which weaver beats away from himself on far side of tablets. Many photographs and projects, some whimsical)

Speiser, Noemi, and others, 1977. 'Brettchenweberei, ein Kurs bei Peter Collingwood' in Schweizerische Arbeitslehrerinnen-Zeitung, No. 11. (A twenty-page description, with technical information, of a week's course given to students of the Kunstgewerbeschule, Basel, written by them and their teacher)

Spies, Nancy. Ecclesiastical Pomp & Aristocratic Circumstance: A Thousand Years of Brocaded Tabletwoven Bands. Self-published. How to weave brocade as well as the history of its heyday in Medieval times.

with Ute Bargemann. Anna Neuper's Modelbuch: Early Sixteenth-Century Patterns for Weaving Brocaded bands Self-published. A small, leather-covered book of handwritten patterns for gold brocaded tabletwoven bands resides in the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. Written in 1517 by Anna Neuper, a seventy-year old nun in the St. Clare Convent in Nürnberg, it contains forty-five different patterns with variations and is among the earliest pattern books for any textile technique. These patterns have been transcribed into modern charts and are presented with background information by the authors.

Stankova, Jitka, 1967. 'Etnografickté marginálie k textilím z, období velkomoravské ríše (Ethnographic notes on the textiles from the Great Moravian period), in Cesky Lid, 51. (Includes description of the two tablets found at Starom Meste)

Start, Laura E., 1951. 'The Textiles' in Lagore Cranog by Hencken, Proc. Royal Irish Academy, Vol. Llll. (Short account of two pre-Viking bands, one with fringe, one apparently in a missed-hole technique, found in Ireland)

Staudigel, Otfried, 1960-61. 'Tablet Weaving in Ancient Egypt' in the Liverpool Bulletin, City of Liverpool Museums, Vol. 9. (Staudigel's first account of how he considered the Rameses girdle could be woven using four- and five-sided tablets, with historical introduction)

1961-4. 'Tablet Weaving', three articles in Quarterly Journal of Guilds, etc., Nos. 38, 40 and 52. (Three excellent and thorough articles)
1975. 'Tablet-weaving and the technique of the Rameses-girdle, in Bulletin du Liaison du C.I.E.T.A., No. 41-42, Lyon. (More detailed account of the tablet weaving, of the Rameses girdle, with criticisms of G. Crowfoot's method)
2001. Der Zauber Des Brettchenwebens or Tablet Weaving Magic, Patterns from Oriental Countries and 25 Patterns in Plain Tablet Weave. Self-published. In both English and German an excellent book with new patterns, double-face, and threaded-in.

Staudigel-Scharlau, Gertrud, 1929-30. 'Brettchenweben. Handwerk oder Kunst?' in Westermanns Monatshefte, 74. (Thoughtful article by the weaver of the only full-size copy of the Rameses girdle, illustrated by her work)

Stehílková, Magdaléna, 1961. 'Staré Textilné Techniky na Slovesku' (Old textile techniques in Slowakia). in Sborník Slovenského Národneho Múzea, LV, Bratislava. (Mentions and illustrates tablet-woven belts; English summary)

Stein, Aurel, 1921. Serindia, Vol. 1, Oxford. (Description of the tablet-woven pieces from Fort Miran; inaccurate as warp is mistaken for weft)

Stettiner, Richard, 1911. 'Die Brettchenwebereien in den Moorfunden von Damendorf, Daetgen und Torsberg im Museum zu Kiel' in Mitteilungen des Anthropologischen Vereins in Schlesvvig-Holstein, No. 19, Kiel. (Important description of tablet-woven belts and borders found in Iron Age bog burials. Very careful analysis and suggested methods of weaving)

1911. Das Webebild in der Manesse-Handschrift, Berlin and Stuttgart. (Description of this puzzling fourteenth-century picture)

Stolpe, H., 1874. 'Sur les découvertes faites dans l'île de Björkö, in Congrés international de l'Anthropologie et d'Archaeologie préhistoriques, Vol. 2, Stockholm. (The first notice of the Birka finds, including the one bone tablet which Stolpe realized was connected with band weaving)

Stolte, Heidi, 1990, 'Technik des Brettchenwebens', and 'Versuch der Musternachbildung eines, Brettchengewebes'; Teilstuck der Manipel van Sankt Ulrich; being two chapters from Experimentelle Archaologie in Deutschland; Archaologische Mitteilunqen aus Nordwestdeutschland; Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde and Vorgesichte, (short introduction to TW plus detailed account of the author's brilliant reproduction of the St Ulrich maniple)

Stránská, Drahomira, 1937-8. 'Nóve príspevky o tkani' na desticktách na slovanské pude (Some contributions on tablet weaving in Slavonic regions) in Slavia, XV. (Important article with a good historical introduction, then a description of Slovakian bands based on conversations, with surviving weavers and their relatives. Excellent pictures of looms, weavers and bands. References to East European literature)

Sturm, K. (n.d.). Brettchenweberei, No. 16 of Vobachs Handarbeitsbücher, Berlin/Leipzig. (Original book,(?) about 1930, proposing use of circular tablet with seventeen holes and an unusual working method with foot-tensioned warp. Many six-holed tablet patterns; also weaving a starting loop)

Sundbø, Annemor, 1975. 'Om gjuro, belte fra Valle i Setesdalen' (About the Gjuro, a belt from Valle in Setesdal) in Norsk Husflid, Vol. 2. (Article about a way of weaving a traditional Norwegian belt on two-holed tablets)

Sutton, Ann, and Holtom, Pat, 1975. Tablet Weaving, London. (Well-designed instruction book with many ideas and patterns based on turning tablets four times in each direction. Includes warping method used by Moroccan tablet weavers)

Sylwan, Vivi, 1921. 'Om Brickband', in Fört nvannen. (Well-documented article with much out-of-the-way information about tablet weaving and its history)

1926. 'Brickbandet som Kulturobjekt. Några iakttageleser och deras resultat' (Tablet-woven bands as culture objects. Some observations and their results) in Förnvannen, 21. (Study of early Scandinavian tablet weaves but including the Fort Miran bands. Attempt to trace tablet weaving's history; German summary)

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Tacker, Harold and Sylvia, 1974. Bandweaving, Studio Vista. (Good clear chapter on tablet weaving, including its combination with loom weaving)

Trotzig, Liv, and Axelsson, Astrid, 1958. Band, Sweden. (Few pages on simple four- and two-holed tablet weaves)

1972. Weaving bands, Van Nostrand Reinhold. (Reduced version of the above, translated into sometimes strange English)

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Vahter, Tyyni, 1930. 'Der späteisenzeitliche Mantel im Ostbalticumin In Congressus Secundus Archaeologorum Balticorum Rigae, 19, 23, VIII.

van Epen, Marijke. Special Tablet Weaves. 1999 Self-published .

van Gennep, Arnold, 1911. 'Le Tissage aux Cartons' in Études d'Ethnographie algérienne, 1st Series, Paris. (Detailed description obtained from tablet weavers in Algeria; also general discussion on where tablet weaving survives, with a world map).

1912. 'Note sur le tissage aux cartons en Chine' in T'Oung Pao, Vol 13, Leiden. (The only article on Chinese tablet weaving, based on photographs of a weaver from T'ien-tsin working with six-sided tablets in Shanghai)
1912, 'Neueres über Brettchenweberei (Polen, Kaukasus, Algerien)' in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. 44, No. 1. (Contains translation of an article about tablet weaving in the Caucasus)
1912. 'Brettchenweberei oder Flechterei im Kaukasus' in Zietschrift für Ethnologie, Vol. 44, Nos. 3 and 4. (Expresses a confusion between sprang and tablet weaving)
1913. 'Über eine mit Brettchen gewebte Borte aus dem 15-16 Jahrhun-dert' in Mitteilungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums, Nürnberg. (Short note on two tablet-woven borders to a belt; rather muddled)
1914. 'Études d'Ethnographie sud-américaine' in Journal de la Societé des Americanistes de Paris. (Article on possibility of warp twining in South America being done on tablets)

van Gennep, Arnold, and Jéquier, Gustave, 1914. 'Le tissage aux cartons dans I'Ancienne Egypte et son utilisation décorative' in Baessler Archiv, (Covers same ground as following entry)

1916. Le tissage aux cartons et son utilisation décorative dans I'Egypte ancienne, edited by Delachaux and Niestlé, Neuchâtel. (The large, beautifully produced, volume which sets out to show that the designs on Egyptian tombs and statues were copied from tablet-woven originals. Immensely detailed; includes actual woven bands). For a translation see Shapiro, Barbara (2008).

van Reesema, Elisabeth Siewertsz, 1926. 'Contributions to the early history of textile technique' in Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen te Amsterdam, New Series, Vol. 26, No. 2, Amsterdam. (Large work trying to show it was sprang rather than tablet weaving which was used in many old textiles, especially the Egyptian ones cited by van Gennep, even the Rameses girdle. Good emphasis on fact that textile investigators should do, rather than just look)

van Scheltema, F. A., 1929. Der Osebergfund, Augsburg

Vial, Gabriel, 1971-2. 'Un ruban de velours tisse "aux cartons" ' in Bulletin de Liaison du C.I.E.T.A., No. 34. (Analysis of fifteenth--century silk band with velvet pile and suggested ways of producing the latter with tablets)

Volkart, Heinrich, 1907. 'Die Brettchen- und Kammweberei' in Mitteilungen der Ostschweizerischen Geograph-Commerc Gesellschaft in St. Gallen, No. 1. (Very informative article about tablet weaving, including museums which have bands, equipment and techniques from different parts of the world)

1914. 'Die isländische Brettchenweberi' in Mitteilungen der Islandfreunde, II, Vol. 2. (Short article on Icelandic bands and their inscriptions and Lehmann-Filhés's research into them)
1915. 'Schriftbänder in Brettchenweberei' in Mitteilungen der Ost-schweiz. Geograph,-Commerc. Gesellschaft in St. Gallen, Nos. I and 2. (Details of Icelandic, Persian and Burmese bands with their woven inscriptions. Mentions how machine-woven copies of tablet weaving in Algeria were killing the craft)

von Schimmelman, A., (n.d.). Lauter bunte Bänder, Webe mit Verlag. (Small instruction book including tablet weaving)

von Walterstorff, Emilie, 1925. Swedish Textiles, Nordiska Museet, Stockholm. (Short description of tablet weaving)

Vydra, Josef, 1926. 'Tkanice a pletenlice jako zbytky staré lidové kultury, na Slovensku' (Bands and plaits--remains of an old folk culture in Slovakia) in Narodopisny Vestnik cezkoslovansky, XIX. (Few pages and pictures on tablet weaving in Slovakia)

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Wardle, H. Newall, 1936. 'Belts and Girdles of the Incas' Sacrificed Women' in Revista del Museo Nacional, Lima, Vol. 5, No. 1. (Describes a four-strand warp-twined belt from the Sun Temple., Pachacamac)

Wardle, Thomas, 1886. Catalogue for Colonial and Indian Exhibition, Indian Silk Culture, London. (Description of tablet weaving loom from Benares, set up with warp, comb and tablets, and of several inscription bands exhibited with it. Earliest mention of the craft in English)

Weibel, Adèle Coulin, 1952. Two Thousand Years of Textiles, New York. (Details of three old tablet-woven bands in American collections)

Weinhold, K., 1899. 'Die Spelte und die Drihe' in Zeitschrift des Vereins für Volkskunde, 9. (Suggests that the word Spelte(n), mentioned in thirteenth--fourteenth-century German poems, referred to tablets)

Welsh, Sibyl, (n.d.). Tablet Weaving. (Small but very practical instruc-tion book, covering several techniques)

(n.d.). Practical Instructions in Tablet Weaving, for Buck. Fed. of Women's Institutes. (Simpler version of above)

Wild, J. P., 1970. Textile Manufacture in the Northern Roman Provinces, Camb. University Press. (Extensive lists of Roman tablets)

Wollny, Claudia, 2015. Die fabelhafte Welt der brettchengewebten Stola und Manipel zu St. Donat, Arlon. Mit 29 Webbriefen, Hürth, Germany. 128 pages. Reconstruction of the two liturgical mediveal bands of St. Bernhard of Clairveaux, complete weaving patterns for 3/1 broken twill, with basic instructions to read the threading chart and the weaving patterns.

ENGLISH:The Wonderful World of the Tablet-Woven Stole and Maniple of St. Donat, Arlon. With 29 Weaving Patterns
FRENCH: Le Monde Merveilleux de L’Étole et du Manipule Tissé aux Tablettes en L’Église Saint-Donat à Arlon. Inclus: 29 Patrons
DUTCH: De fabelachtige wereld van de kaart geweven stola en manipel te St. Donat, Arlon. Met 29 weefpatronen

2016. Der Lilienhain. Über 100 und 1 Brettchenwebmotive im Arlon-Stil. Mit 164 Webbriefen | A Lily Grove. More than 100 and 1 tablet weaving designs in the Arlon style with 164 weaving patterns. Germany, 176 pages. The Arlon motifs newly designed for a maximum of 35 tablets, supported by basic instructions of tablet weaving, covering the basics, establishing a circular warp and the 3/1 twill technique, illustrated. Additionally more than 30 suggestions for border designs. Bilingual: German/English

Books and Videos can be found here.

Wojtacki, Birgit, 1973. 'Die Entwicklung der Brettchenweberei im skandinavischen und norddeutschen Raum' in Mitteilungen aus del. Museum für Völkerkunde, Neue Folge, Vol. 3, Hamburg. (Interesting description of development and spread of tablet weaving, with many illustrations of bands in Museum für Völkerkunde, Hamburg)

Wulff, Oscar, and Volbach, Fritz, 1926. Spätantike und Koptische Stoffe in den Staatl. Museen, Berlin.

Wyss, Robert L. 1973 'Die Handarbeiten der Maria' in Artes Minoires, Fentschrift für Werner Abegg, Bern. (Contains several reproductions from fifteenth-century Books of Hours showing the Virgin Mary tablet weaving)

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Zechlin, Ruth, 1993, 'Plattchen-weben', a chapter in Werkbuch für Madchen, Otto Maier Verlag, Ravensburg. (Short account of TW but covering a lot)

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Updated March 30, 2016
Bibliography Copyright 1998 Peter Collingwood

Copyright © 1996-2016 Janis Saunders. · All rights reserved.